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CE 640: Biotechnical Production of Alcohol

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Biotechnical Production of Alcohol

Biotechnical Production of Alcohol Biotechnical Production of Alcohol Biotechnical Production of Alcohol

Product Details

Technical Description
As well as its great importance for the chemical and foodstuffs industries, ethanol (alcohol) is increasingly used as a fuel. The CE 640 can be used to conduct realistic experiments for the production of ethanol from starch-based raw materials such as potatoes. The system consists of three main components: a mash tank, a fermentation tank and a distillation unit.
A mixture of water, mechanically macerated potatoes and alpha-amylase (enzyme) is poured into the mash tank. To dissolve the tightly packed starch chains in the potatoes, heating steam is injected into the mixture via a nozzle (gelatinisation). This increases the flow resistance of the mash, which would prevent further processes. The alpha-amylase breaks up the starch chains (liquefying) thereby reducing the flow resistance. Gluco-amylase is used to convert the starch into sugar (saccharification). This enzyme requires lower temperatures and pH values. The temperature is reduced using the water cooling jacket around the mash tank, the pH value is reduced by the addition of acid. After saccharification the mash is pumped into the fermentation tank. During the fermentation process in this tank, ethanol is produced. A water cooling system controls the temperature. After the fermentation process, the mash is pumped into the distillation unit. This is equipped with a bubble tray column for separation of the ethanol. Two vessels are  available, one for the spent mash, the other for the distilled ethanol.
The system has comprehensive measurement, control and operating functions, which are controlled via a PLC. A touch screen displays measured values and permits the operation of the system.

Learning Objectives / Experiments
Familiarization with the necessary individual steps and system components for production of alcohol:
- Gelatinisation by steam injection
- Liquefaction by use of alpha-amylase
- Saccharification by use of gluco-amylase
- Fermentation: conversion of sugar into ethanol by yeast cultures under
anaerobic conditions
- Distillation: separation of ethanol from the mash

* Practical process for production of ethanol from starch-based biological raw materials
* System control using a PLC, touch screen for display and operation
* Measurement data acquisition by PC via RS232 interface
[1] Batch conversion of starch-based raw materials into ethanol
[2] Open mash tank with water-jacket cooling, steam injection and stirrer
[3] Closed fermentation tank with stirrer and water-jacket cooling
[4] Distillation unit with 3 bubble trays, dephlegmator, condenser and stirrer
[5] 2 pumps for conveying the mash
[6] pH value reduction in the mash tank with acid delivered by a diaphragm metering pump
[7] Mash tanks and fermentation tank of stainless steel
[8] Adjustment of the amount of injected heating steam, the cooling water flow rates and the head temperature by means of 4 PID controllers
[9] PLC control and regulation unit operated by touch screen; measurement data acquisition by PC via RS232 interface

Technical Data
- mash tank, fermentation tank, sump: each 40L
- product: 10L
- spent mash (removable): 30L
Distillation unit
- column: Dxh: approx. 220x1200mm
- sump heater: 0...7500W
2 conveying pumps driven by compressed air
- max. head (2 bar drive pressure): 20m
- max. flow rate (2 bar drive pressure): 15L/min
- max. solid lump size: 4mm
Diaphragm metering pump (acid)
- max. head: 160m
- max. flow rate: 2.1L/h
Measuring ranges
- 9 temperature sensors: 0...120°C
- water flow rate meter: 1...25L/min
- pH value: 1...14

Dimensions and Weight
l x w x h : 3000 x 1000 x 2000 mm
Weight : approx. 500 kg

400V, 50Hz, 3 phase or 230V, 60Hz, 3 phase; compressed air 1,5...6bar; cooling water: min. 400L/h; steam 15kg/h at pmin: 3bar

Scope of Delivery
1 system, complete
1 measurement data cable, with software
1 set of instructional material

Order Details
083.64000  CE 640  Biotechnical Production of Alcohol
Alternative products
CE 600 -- Continuous Rectification
CE 602 -- Discontinuous Rectification

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Grindelallee 188, 20144 Hamburg / Germany
Tel.: + 49 (0) 40 343453 |  Fax: +49 (0) 40 63657075
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